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Prof. Dr. Thomas Litt

 

 

Contact information

Nußallee 8
Raum 28
Telefon: +49 (0)228 73-2736
Telefon: +49 (0)228 73-3103 (Sekretariat)
E-Mail: t.litt [at] uni-bonn.de

Research interest

  • Palaeoecology, palaeoclimatology and stratigraphy of the Quaternary in Eurasia
  • Pleistocene interglacial/interstadial deposits
  • Holocene lake and mire environments
  • Annually laminated lacustrine sediments (Eifel Maar Lakes in Germany, Dead Sea in Israel, Lake Van in Turkey)
  • Quantitative palaeoclimatological reconstructions based on palaeobotanical and palynological data
  • Integrating palaeobotanical data and genetic analyses to reconstruct the history of European tree species

Ongoing projects

  • 2010-2013: “Integrating fossil data, vegetation modeling and genetic analyses of modern tree populations to reconstruct the history of Larix in Europe”
    (DFG, LI 582/18-1, PI: T. Litt, joint project with S. Liepelt and B. Ziegenhagen, University of Marburg)
    PhD student: Stefanie Wagner
  • 2010-2013: Lake Van Drilling Project “PaleoVan”, a long continental record in eastern Turkey: Drilling campaign 2010 and paleoecological investigations on the new cores
    (DFG – Priority Program (SPP) ICDP, LI 582/15-1, PI: T. Litt)
    PhD student: Nadine Pickarski
  • 2009-2013: Climatic Evolution of the Mamara Region during the past 50,000 years
    DFG Collaborative Research Centre 806 (SFB) “Our Way to Europe”
    (PIs: T. Litt, M. Melles, S.O. Franz ; Project B4)
    PhD student: Patricia Röser
  • 2009-2013: Environmental Response on Climate Impact in the Levant during the last Glacial and Holocene and their Role in the Origin of Agriculture
    DFG Collaborative Research Centre 806 (SFB) “Our Way to Europe”
    (PIs: T. Litt, A. Hense; Project B3)
    PhD student: Vera Klinger
  • 2009-2013: Reconstructing Ancient (Biblical) Israel: The Exact and Life Sciences Perspective (ERC joint project, co-ordinator: Israel Finkelstein, University of Tel Aviv)
    (palynological subproject, PI: T. Litt)
  • 2011-2014: Palynological investigations based on Quaternary Sediments of the Upper Rhine Graben
    (DFG, LI 582/19-1, PI: T. Litt)
    Postdoc: Georg Heumann

Selected publications

  • HUGUET, C., FIETZ, S., MORALEDA, N., LITT, T., HEUMANN, G., STOCKHECKE, M., ANELMETTI, F.S., STURM, M. (2012): A sesonal cycle of terrestrial inputs in Lake Van, Turkey. – Environmental Science and Pollution Research (online first, DOI 10.1007/s11356-012-0948-3)
  • SIMONIS, D., HENSE, A., LITT T. (2012): Reconstruction of late Glacial and Early Holocene near surface temperature anomalies in Europe and their statistical interpretation. – Quaternary International (online first, doi: 10.1016/j.quaint. 2012.02.050)
  • Litt, T., ANSELMETTI, F.S., CAGATAY, M.N., KIPFER, R., KRASTEL, S., SCHMINCKE, H.-U., STURM, M. (2011): A 500,000-Year-Long Sediment Archive Drilled in Eastern Anatolia. – Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union 92/51:477-479.
  • GARETTA, V., MILLER, P.A., GUIOT, J., HÉLY, C., BREWER, S., SYKES, M.T., LITT, T., (2010): A method for climate and vegetation reconstruction through the inversion of a dynamic vegetation model. – Climate Dynamics 35, 371-389
  • LITT, T., SCHÖLZEL, C., KÜHL, N., BRAUER, A. (2009): Vegetation and climate history in the Westeifel Volcanic Field (Germany) during the last 11,000 years based on annually laminated lacustrine sediments. - Boreas 38, 679-690.
  • LITT, T., KRASTEL, S., STURM, M., KIPFER, R., ÖRCEN, S., HEUMANN, G., FRANZ, S.O., ÜLGEN, U.B., NIESSEN, F. (2009). „PALEOVAN“, International Continental Scientific Drilling Program, (ICDP): Results of a recent site survey and perspectives. - Quaternary Science Reviews 28: 1555-1567.
  • LIEPELT, S., CHEDDADI, R., DE BEAULIEU, J., FADY, B., GÖMÖRY, D., HUSSENHOFER, E., KONNERT, M., LITT, T., LONGAUER, R., TERHÜRNE-BERSON, R., ZIEGENHAGEN, B. (2009): Postglacial range expansion and its genetic imprints in Abies alba (Mill.) - a synthesis from paleobotanic and genetic data. - Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 153: 139-149.
  • WALKER, M., JOHNSEN, S., RASMUSSEN, S.O., POPP, T., STEFFENSEN, J.P., GIBBARD, P.L., HOEK, W., LOWE, J., ANDREWS, J., BJÖRCK, S., CWYNAR, L., HUGHEN, K., KERSHAW, P., KROMER, B., LITT, T., LOWE, D.J., NAKAGAWA, T., NEWNHAM R., SCHWANDE, J. (2009): formal definition and dating of the GSSP (Global Stratotype Section and Point) for the base of the Holocene using the Greenland NGRIP ice core, and selected auxiliary records. – Journal of Quaternary Science 24: 3-17.
  • TOLLEFSRUD, M. M., KISSLING, R., GUGERLI, F., JOHNSEN, O., SKROPPA, T., CHEDDADI, R., VAN DER KNAAP, W. O., LATALOWA, M., TERHÜRNE-BERSON, R., LITT, T., GEBUREK, T., BROCHMANN, C., SPERISEN, C. (2008): Genetic consequences of glacial survival and postglacial colonization in Norway spruce: combined analysis of mitochondrial DNA and fossil pollen.- Molecular Ecology 17, vol 18: 4134-4150.
  • LITT, T., SCHMINCKE, H.-U., FRECHEN, M., SCHLÜCHTER, C. (2008): Quaternary. In: MC CANN, T. (Ed.), The Geology of Central Europe. Geol. Soc. London, 1287-1340.
  • LITT, T., GIBBARD, P.L. (2008): A proposed Global Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) for the base of the Upper (Late) Pleistocene Subseries (Quaternary System/Period). – Episodes 31 (2): 260-263.
  • KÜHL. N., LITT, T., SCHÖLZEL, C., HENSE, A. (2007): Eemian and Early Weichselian temperature and precipitation variability in northern Germany. – Quaternary Science Reviews 26: 3311-3317.
  • GEBHARDT, C., KÜHL, N., HENSE, A., LITT, T. (2007): Reconstruction of Quaternary temperature fields by dynamically consistent smooting. – Climate Dynamics 30: 421-437
  • NEUMANN, F., SCHÖLZEL, C., LITT, T., HENSE, A., STEIN, M. (2007): Holocene vegetation and climate history of the northern Golan Hights (Near East). – Vegetation history and Archaeobotany 16: 329-346.
  • LITT, T. (2007): Climate, Vegetation and Mammalian Faunas in Europe during the Middle Pleistocene Interglacials (MIS 7, 9, 11). In: SIROCKO, F., CLAUSSEN, M., SANCHEZ GOÑI, M.F., LITT, T. (Eds.), The climate of past interglacials, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 351-357.
  • KÜHL, N., LITT, T. (2007): Quantitative Time Series Reconstructions of Holsteinian and Eemian Temperatures Using Botanical Data. In: SIROCKO, F., CLAUSSEN, M., SANCHEZ GOÑI, M.F., LITT, T. (Eds.), The climate of past interglacials, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 239-254.
  • MAGRI, D., VENDRAMIN, G.G., COMPS, B., DUPANLOUP, I., GEBUREK, T., GÖMÖRY, D., LATALOWA, M., LITT, T., PAULE, L., ROURE, J., TANTAU, I., VAN DER KNAAP, W.O., PETIT, R., DE BEAULIEU, J.-L. (2006): Combined analyses of fossil and genetic data in the European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.). – New Phytologist 171:199-221.
  • CHEDDADI, R., VENDRAMIN, G., LITT, T., FRANÇOIS, L., KAGEYAMA, M., LORENTZ, S., LAURENT, J.-M., DE BEAULIEU, J.-L.,SADORI, L., JOST, A., LUNT, D. (2006): Imprints of glacial refugia in the modern genetic diversity of Pinus sylvestris. - Global Ecology and Biogeography 15:271-282.
  • KASPAR, F., KÜHL, N., CUBASCH, U., LITT, T. (2005): A model-data comparison of European temperatures in the Eemian interglacial. – Geophysical Research Letters 32: L11703.
  • TERHÜRNE-BERSON, R., LITT, T., CHEDDADI, R. (2004): The spread of Abies throughout Europe since the last glacial period: combines macrofossil and pollen data. – Vegetation history and Archaeobotany 13:257-268.
  • SCHWAB, M.J., NEUMANN, F., LITT, T., NEGENDANK, J.F.W., STEIN, M. (2004). Holocene palaeoecology of the Golan Heights (Near East): investigation of lacustrine sediments from Birkat Ram crater lake. – Quaternary Science Reviews 23: 1723-1731.
  • KÜHL, N., LITT, T. (2003): Quantitative time series reconstruction of Eemian temperature at three European sites using pollen data. – Vegetation history and Archaeobotany 12: 205-214.
  • LITT, T., SCHMINCKE, H.-U., KROMER, B. (2003): Environmental response to climate and volcanic events in central Europe during the Weichselian Lateglacial. – Quaternary Science Reviews 22/1: 7-32
  • KÜHL, N., GEBHARDT, C., LITT, T., HENSE, A. (2002): Probability Density Functions as Botanical-Climatological Transfer Functions for climate Reconstruction. – Quaternary Research 58: 381-392
  • HEUMANN, G., LITT, T. (2002): Stratigraphy and palaeoecology of the late Pliocene and early Pleistocene in the open-cast mine Hambach (Lower Rhine Basin). – Netherlands Journal of Geoscience/Geologie en Mijnbouw 81: 193-199.
  • BRAUER, A., LITT, T., NEGENDANK, J.F.W., ZOLTSCHKA, B. (2001): Lateglacial varve chronology and biostratigraphy of lakes Holzmaar and Meerfelder Maar. – Boreas 30: 83-88.
  • LITT, T., BRAUER, A., GOSLAR, T., MERKT, J., BALAGA, K., MÜLLER, H., RALSKA-JASIEWICZOWA, M., STEBICH, M., NEGENDANK, J.F.W. (2001): Correlation and synchronisation of Lateglacial continental sequences in northern central Europe based on annually-laminated lacustrine sediments. - Quaternary Science Reviews 20/11: 1233-1249.
  • BÖTTGER, T., JUNGE, F.W., LITT, T. (2000): Stable climatic conditions in central Germany during the last interglacial. - Journal of Quaternary Science 15: 469-473.
  • LITT, T., STEBICH, M. (1999): Bio- and chronostratigraphy of the Lateglacial in the Eifel region, Germany. - Quaternary International 61: 5-16.
  • BRAUER, A., ENDRES, C., GÜNTER, C., LITT, T., STEBICH, M., NEGENDANK, J.F.W. (1999): High resolution sediment and vegetation responses to Younger Dryas climate change in varved lake sediments from Meerfelder Maar, Germany. – Quaternary Science Reviews, 18: 321-329.
  • AALBERSBERG, G., LITT, T. (1998): Multi-proxy climate reconstructions for the Eemian and Early Weichselian. - J. Quaternary Science, 13: 367-390
  • *LITT, T., JUNGE, F., BÖTTGER, T. (1996): Climate during the Eemian in north-central Europe - a critical review of the palaeobotanical and stable isotope data from central Germany. - Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 5: 247-256

 

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