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Sie sind hier: Startseite Arbeitsgruppen Paläobotanik Gee Research Group PD Dr. Carole Gee

PD Dr. Carole Gee

Carole headshot 2

Contact information

Nußallee 8
Paläontologie, Raum 0.003
Telefon: ++49 (0) 228 73 3063
Fax.: ++49 (0) 228 73 3509
E-Mail: cgee[at]uni-bonn.de

Major academic positions

At present




Associate Professor of Paleontology, Teaching and Research Faculty of Geosciences and OEP Biology, University of Bonn, Germany



2016



Privatdozentin, University of Bonn











2015



Habilitation in Paleontology, University of Bonn











2013–2014





Visiting Scientist at the Huntington Botanical Gardens and at the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Los Angeles, California, USA











2010–2012





Interim Head of the Goldfuss Museum and paleontological collections, University of Bonn, Germany




2009–now
 




Teaching Faculty, University of Bonn, Germany Paleontology (Steinmann Institute) Organismic Biology, Evolutionary Biology and Palaeobiology (OEP Biology)



1990–now




Research Faculty, Paleontology, University of Bonn, Germany




1987–1990





Postdoctoral Scientist in Paleopalynology, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH-Zürich)




1987




Ph.D. in Botany, Specialization in Paleobotany




1985–1986




Fulbright Scholar to Sweden




1981




B.A. in Biology, Concentration in Botany, Pomona College, California, USA










Research interests

Approach: Fossil plants as living organisms in Deep Time — morphology, anatomy, biological affinity, ecology, fossilization

  • Mesozoic paleobotany
  • The conifer Araucaria, past and present
  • Conifer seed cone architecture
  • Jurassic and Tertiary woods
  • Eocene Nypa mangroves
  • Tertiary fruits and seeds of the Lower Rhine Embayment, Germany
  • Fossil water lilies
  • Actuopaleobotany of recent carpological deposits
  • Fossilization of plants, especially the silicification of wood

Selected publications (since 2008)

Edited books and special issues

  • Gee, C. T., and L. Kunzmann (eds.).  2012.  Special issue on plant taphonomy commenorating the 20th anniversary of the International Workshop on Plant Taphonomy.  Palaios, 27 (11): 753-841.
  • Klein, N., K. Remes, C. T. Gee, and P. M. Sander (eds.).  2011.  Biology of the Sauropod Dinosaurs: Understanding the Life of Giants.  Indiana University Press, Bloomington.  331 pp.
  • Wappler, T., and C. T. Gee (eds.).  2010.  Plant-Insect Interactions in Deep Time. Special issue in Palaeontographica Abt. B, 283: 99-182.
  • C. T. Gee (ed.).  2010.  Plants in Mesozoic Time: Morphological Innovations, Phylogeny, Ecosystems (Ted Delevoryas festschrift). Indiana University Press, Bloomington, 373 pp.


Peer-reviewed research papers

  • Moody, S., C. T. Gee, and M. Wiegend.  Submitted.  When water theft pays off: the successful growth and unusual wood anatomy of the hemiparasite Krameria lappacea (Krameriaceae) in the Peruvian desert.  Submitted to Journal of Arid Environments in July 2018.
  • Gee, C. T., D. A., Sprinkel, M. B., Bennis-Bottomley, and D. A. Gray.  In review.  Silicified logs from Rainbow Draw, near Vernal, Utah.
  • Sprinkel, D. A., M. B. Bennis, D. E. Gray, and C. T. Gee.  In review.  Stratigraphic setting of Morrison Formation (Upper Jurassic) permineralized wood sites near Dinosaur National Monument, Uintah County, Utah. 
  • Gee, C. T., P. M. Sander, S. E. Peters, M. T. El-Hennawy, M. S. M. Antar, I. S. Zalmout, and P. D. Gingerich.  2018.  Fossil burrow assemblage, not mangrove roots: Reinterpretation of the main whale-bearing layer in the late Eocene of Wadi Al-Hitan, Egypt.  Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments.  Published online in August 2018, available at

    http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12549-018-0337-0.

  • Gee, C. T., and D. W. Taylor.  2016.  Aquatic macrophytes from the upper Oligocene fossillagerstätte of Rott (Rhineland, Germany). Part II: A new fossil leaf species of Nymphaea (subgenus Lotos), N. elisabethae GEE et DAVID W. TAYLOR sp. nov.  Paläontographica Abt. B, 295: 33-43. 
  • Hellawell, J., C. Ballhaus, C. T. Gee, G. E. Mustoe, T. J. Nagel, R. Wirth, J. Rethemeyer, F. Tomaschek, T. Geisler, K. Greef, and T. Mansfeldt.  2015.  Silicification of recent conifer wood at a Yellowstone hot spring.  Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 149: 79-87.  Published online in Nov. 2014, available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2014.10.018.
  • Taylor, D. W., and C. T. Gee.  2014.  Phylogenetic analysis of fossil water lilies based on leaf architecture and vegetative characters: Testing phylogenetic hypotheses of molecular studies.  Bulletin of the Peabody Museum of Natural History, Yale University, 55: 89-110.
  • Gee, C. T., R. D. Dayvault, R. A. Stockey, and W. D. Tidwell.  2014.  Greater paleobiodiversity in conifer seed cones in the Upper Jurassic Morrison Formation of Utah, USA.  Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments, 94: 363-365.  doi: 10.1007/s12549-014-0160-1.
  • Gee, C. T.  2013.  Applying micro CT and 3D visualization to Jurassic silicified conifer seed cones: a virtual advantage over thin-sectioning.  Applications in Plant Sciences, 1: 1300039. doi:10.3732/apps.1300039.
  • Läbe, S., C. T. Gee, C. Ballhaus, and T. Nagel.  2012.  Experimental silicification of the tree fern Dicksonia antarctica at high temperature with silica-enriched H₂O vapor.  Palaios, 27: 835-841. doi: 10.2110/palo.2012.p12-064r.
  • Ballhaus, C., C. T. Gee, C. Bockrath, K. Greef, T. Mansfeldt, and D. Rhede.  2012.  The silicification of trees in volcanic ash: an experimental study. Geochimica et Cosmoschimica Acta, 84: 62-74. doi: 10.2110/palo.2012.p12-064r.
  • Gee, C. T.  2011.  Dietary options for the sauropod dinosaurs from an integrated botanical and paleobotanical perspective.  In: N. Klein, K. Remes, C. T. Gee, and P. M. Sander (eds.), Biology of the Sauropod Dinosaurs: Understanding the Life of Giants.  Indiana University Press, Bloomington, pp. 34-56.
  • Sander, P. M., A. Christian, M. Clauss, R. Fechner, C. T. Gee, E.-M. Griebeler, H.-C. Gunga, J. Hummel, H. Mallison, S. F. Perry, H. Preuschoft, O. W. M. Rauhut, K. Remes, T. Tütken, O. Wings, and U. Witzel.  2011.  Biology of the Sauropod Dinosaurs: The Evolution of Gigantism.  Biological Reviews, 86: 117–155.  Published online in April 2010.  doi: 10.1111/j.1469-185X.2010.00137.x.
  • Wappler, T., and C. T. Gee.  2010.  Plant-insect interactions in Deep Time: Contributions from the 8th International Organisation of Palaeobotany Conference in Bonn, Germany, August 30-September 5, 2008.  Palaeontographica Abt. B, 283: 99-101.
  • Sussex, I., N. Kerk, and C. T. Gee. 2010. Architectural innovation and developmental controls in some Mesozoic gymnosperms, Or why do the leaf crowns in Mesozoic forests look tufted? In: C.T. Gee (ed.), Plants in Mesozoic Time: Morphological Innovations, Phylogeny, Ecosystems (Ted Delevoryas festschrift). Indiana University Press, Bloomington, pp. 5-12.
  • Gee, C. T., and W. D. Tidwell.  2010.  A mosaic of characters in a new whole-plant Araucaria, A. delevoryasii Gee sp. nov., from the Late Jurassic Morrison Formation of Wyoming, U.S.A. In: C. T. Gee (ed.), Plants in Mesozoic Time: Morphological Innovations, Phylogeny, Ecosystems (Ted Delevoryas festschrift). Indiana University Press, Bloomington, pp. 67-94. 
  • Sander, P. M., C. T. Gee, J. Hummel, and M. Clauss.  2010.  Mesozoic plants and dinosaur herbivory. In: C. T. Gee (ed.), Plants in Mesozoic Time: Morphological Innovations, Phylogeny, Ecosystems (Ted Delevoryas festschrift).  Indiana University Press, Bloomington, pp. 331-359.
  • Sander, P. M., A. Christian, and C. T. Gee. 2009. Response to: Sauropods kept their heads down. Science 323: 1671-1672.
  • Hummel, J., C. T. Gee, K.-H. Südekum, P. M. Sander, G. Nogge, and M. Clauss.  2008.  In vitro digestibility of fern and gymnosperm foliage: implications for sauropod feeding ecology and diet selection.  Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series B, 275: 1015-1021.

Click here for complete list (pdf).

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